We all lie from time to time. It’s a common human behavior that’s often seen as harmless or even necessary in certain situations. However, some individuals have a deep-seated need to fabricate stories and exaggerate facts that goes beyond normal lying behavior. This condition is known as mythomania, or pathological lying, and it can have serious consequences for those who suffer from it.

What is Mythomania?

Mythomania is a psychological condition characterized by a compulsive need to lie. People with this condition often tell elaborate and fantastical stories that have little or no basis in reality. They may fabricate entire histories or create fake identities to impress others or gain attention. This behavior is not the same as normal lying, which usually involves telling a falsehood to avoid punishment or protect oneself.

Mythomania is considered a subtype of factitious disorder, which involves intentionally producing or feigning symptoms of a physical or mental illness for personal gain. The condition is often associated with other mental health issues, such as narcissistic personality disorder or bipolar disorder.

Symptoms of Mythomania

The symptoms of mythomania can vary from person to person, but there are some common signs to look out for. These include:

  1. Telling elaborate and detailed stories that are often inconsistent or contradict each other.
  2. Fabricating stories about one’s past or present circumstances, including fake identities or histories.
  3. Engaging in compulsive lying even when there is no clear benefit or gain.
  4. Repeatedly lying about small, inconsequential details in order to maintain the illusion of truthfulness.
  5. Becoming defensive or angry when challenged on the veracity of their claims.
  6. Lying to gain attention, admiration, or sympathy from others.
  7. Feeling compelled to lie even when there is no apparent reason to do so.

Causes of Mythomania

The causes of mythomania are not well understood, but there are some factors that may contribute to its development. These include:

  1. Childhood trauma or abuse: People who have experienced trauma or abuse in childhood may be more likely to develop mythomania as a way of coping with difficult emotions or gaining control over their environment.
  2. Mental health issues: As previously mentioned, mythomania is often associated with other mental health conditions, such as bipolar disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, or borderline personality disorder.
  3. Personality traits: Some people may be more predisposed to mythomania based on their personality traits, such as impulsivity or a tendency to seek attention.
  4. Environmental factors: Certain social or cultural environments may encourage or reward mythomania, such as industries that value self-promotion or social media platforms that prioritize attention-seeking behavior.

Consequences of Mythomania

Mythomania can have serious consequences for those who suffer from it, as well as for those around them. Some of the potential consequences include:

  1. Damage to personal relationships: Compulsive lying can erode trust and damage personal relationships, particularly if the lies are discovered or exposed.
  2. Legal issues: Mythomania can lead to legal issues if the lies involve fraud or other criminal activities.
  3. Professional consequences: People with mythomania may struggle to maintain professional relationships or hold down a job if their lies are discovered.
  4. Mental health issues: People with mythomania may experience other mental health issues, such as depression or anxiety, as a result of their compulsive lying.

Treatment for Mythomania

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for mythomania, as the condition can be complex and may require a multidisciplinary approach. Some potential treatments include:

  1. Cognitive-behavioral therapy: Therapy can help people with mythomania to identify the underlying causes of their compulsive lying behavior and develop strategies for managing it. This may involve exploring negative thought patterns and learning new coping skills.
  2. Medication: In some cases, medication may be prescribed to address co-occurring mental health issues, such as depression or anxiety.
  3. Family therapy: Family therapy can help address any interpersonal issues that may be contributing to the person’s mythomania, as well as provide support and education to family members.
  4. Support groups: Peer support groups can be a valuable resource for people with mythomania, as they provide a safe and non-judgmental space to share experiences and learn from others.
  5. Addiction treatment: People with mythomania may benefit from addiction treatment if their compulsive lying behavior is accompanied by substance abuse or other addictive behaviors.

It’s worth noting that people with mythomania may be resistant to seeking treatment, as their lying behavior may be deeply ingrained and reinforced by a range of factors. However, with the right support and guidance, it is possible to manage and overcome this condition.


Mythomania is a complex and often misunderstood condition that can have serious consequences for those who suffer from it. While it may be tempting to dismiss compulsive lying as harmless or attention-seeking behavior, it’s important to recognize that it can be indicative of underlying mental health issues that require treatment and support. By raising awareness of this condition and providing access to effective treatments, we can help those with mythomania lead happier, healthier, and more authentic lives.

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